Links to rhetorical tools:

Here are links to the rhetorical tools used in this class:

Schemes & Tropes -- Perelman & Olbrechts-Tyteca -- Fallacies

Wednesday, March 23, 2016

Missouri Compromise Burke Analysis

After searching the Missouri Compromise and discovering what it changed, it is clear to see the major step in history that this era took. It took a step towards making the Union equal because this was a time of seperation between pro slavery and anti slavery states. During this time tensions were high because nobody wanted to be forced to be against what they believed in but eventually a middle was found that maintained the balance between free and slave states. In the following examples you can see the transformation towards a together and whole new Union and the way Henry Clay was an epic hero by bringing forth a conclusion.

Tuesday, March 22, 2016

Burke Analysis Data Ragtime--Jazz

Burke Analysis Ragtime--Jazz

“Coon songs portrayed African Americans in grossly stereotypical terms, as foolish, lazy and thieving. The term coon itself suggests something of this attitude.” Pg.3
This is proposing the idea of racism at its birth, people starting to assert stereotypes through anything that becomes popular at their time. While this ragtime music was evolved from a white stereotype it eventually began to take a turn to the black people during the late 1800s, once this turn took place it began to shift the ideas that were associated with ragtime and sort of became a negative thing for those who were a part of it. It then became a sort of mimic to stereotype.
“This generation of black artists celebrated black communities, denounced Jim Crow, and critiqued black elite pretension, all behind the minstrel mask.” Pg. 2
The blacks felt as if this was their window or medium to express how they felt and Ernest Hogan really opened up this new gate way for black Americans to be able to express themselves through this genre of music. By doing this it actually caused a lot of mimic from the white community and brought a more negative connotation to the black community because of this. However this was a start to a new beginning for the black community. They wanted the attention and they were sure getting it through the form of music they were playing.
“Hogan was both right and wrong on this count. It is true that ragtime changed the face of American music, helping to “blacken the beat” of popular music long before rock n roll appeared on the scene.” Pg. 2
This began to be a somewhat positive outcome for the black Americans, it started to form to this somewhat significant figure that black people began to look up to, it gave them hope that they did and could succeed against this terrible time in history.
“Mr. Hogan’s work also opened international doors for black performers, with Hogan’s own company touring as far as Australia in 1899.” Pg. 3
This was and still is a huge deal, this was a big step for black American’s to be a part of because this opened a new path that these people could have hope for, not only was it opening doors socially and economically but it was giving these people attention and that is what they needed. This also gave black performers all around the world confidence in their own genre of music and the best way was to stick with how the white people saw them, and this was all they could do for the white people to accept it. This was the main difference between ragtime and jazz music. Jazz was the era of embracing it as their own.


History of Television

I'm gonna use this and compare the differences according to the website. =)

Other companies not in the business of broadcasting, including Paramount Pictures and the Zenith Corporation, unveiled postwar plans to enter the field but were effectively blocked by unfavorable governmental regulatory decisions that were lobbied for by the broadcasting giants. In 1948, for example, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), a U.S. government agency that regulates broadcasting, instituted a freeze on the issuance of new station licenses. In addition, the FCC initially made only the 12 very high frequency (VHF) channels available for broadcasting, prohibiting use of the 69 ultra high frequency (UHF) channels, which created an artificial scarcity of station frequencies. By the mid-1950s, the three leading broadcasting companies (NBC, CBS, and ABC, which collectively became known as the Big Three), had successfully secured American network television as their exclusive domain. It was not until the mid-1980s that a fourth company, News Corporation, Ltd., owned by Australian-born executive Rupert Murdoch, broke their monopoly with the establishment of the Fox television network (see  Fox Broadcasting Company). In the 1990s, two other communications giants, Paramount Pictures (a division of Viacom, Inc.) and Warner Bros. (a division of Time Warner Inc.), established networks in the United States.
Before cable television (television signals transmitted by cable to paying subscribers only) decisively ended channel scarcity in the 1980s, viewing choices had been limited in most parts of the United States to the programming that the three networks had developed.,RadioAndTV.html

Josie Coote Burke Data

Hand-drawn animation -- 3D animated features

Snooks, Thomas Burke data

1940s Comics

Epic and Ode. 
The great and mighty hero strikes down evil and saves us all. One figure to stand behind, incomparable to normal mortals.

1960s comics

Grotesque Epic and Tragedy

The heroes are no longer strong enough on their own, they have displayed and celebrated weaknesses. They are vulnerable, and thus need to operate in teams. They can be placed into dangerous (for them) situations, and are otherwise no longer perfect. The Superheroes have turned into a Grotesque Epic.
On the flip side, we see a rise in the "Everyman" Tragedy. The great and mighty can fail, but the populace can do great things. We are praising brotherhood and unity with our fellow citizens.

So What Happened?
Mistrust of power (reaction to McCarthyism and HUAC in populace, thus the 'weakness/vulnerability' of the heroes and the rise of the "everyman" hero and the war stories) 
Enemy is interior (both the Commies and the Government, thus the 'everyman' since we can trust him and the attacks on the established heroes) 
Fear of the loner/different (what does he have to hide?)
Need for solidarity and community (thus the rise of teams and rise of groups of soldiers).

Historic Transition from Black and White to Color Films

Overall – Comic frame. No one trying to destroy black and white films.

Burke Frame
Quote or Reference
Early Days
Films were black and white-sort of. About 80 percent had some sort of color due to dyes, stencils, color baths, or tints in at least part of the movie. These colors were used to create a mood and/or a sense of magic. Gives examples with fantasy, other worlds and emotions from the late 1800s to the 1920s-Heller.
Using a new technology for entertainment. Reflection of society and its mood. It was really fascinating to see how they used color when it was all done by hand. It is very different from today’s films, but it creates great moods. It was interesting that some people seemed to think color was best for less serious works. We have come a long way. 
Plot under way
“artists want to show motion in color” – always. Color is expensive and not easy to use. (Technicolor issues) – faces in “Becky Sharpe” criticized as looking like “roast turkeys”.
Artists complained that color is distracting from the actors– Vance et al.
Color is a “commercial gimmick” and black and white lets you focus on what is most important – Tarkovsky interview
Color is a moving painting – not life like. – Tarkovsky
In the film reviews in the 1939 and 1940 New York Times for the films “Rebecca,” “Gone With the Wind,” and “The Wizard of Oz”, color was only mentioned in the one for “Gone With the Wind.”  That review said Scarlett was beautiful in Technicolor.  It also said that “color is hard on the eyes for so long a picture.” - Nugent
Even in cave drawings, there is sometimes color. Color is used occasionally in the 1930s and 1940s. Tension between artistic desires of filmmakers and how to use color effectively.
The idea of a distraction sounds like Dr. Vrooman’s comments on slides.  “Everything distracts from everything else”.
Some people thought that black and white films showed better character development. I am not sure, but have never seen an all black and white film. Character development seems fine in today’s color films.
It was very hard to find much mention of color or lack of it in old movie reviews.  Most of the comments were about characterization.  It may have been more of an issue for the filmmakers than the critics or maybe it was elsewhere – not sure. Or maybe everyone just accepted that most films were in black and white and did not think about it.
Competition from television made the movie makers switch to color. When television switched to color in the mid 1960s, film had to follow-Vance et al.
Not everyone loved color. Douglas Fairbanks was quoted as saying that color may detract more than it added. That it may take away from acting. – Vance et al.
The public wanted to have color everywhere. In order to make money, I think the film industry had to switch in order to survive.
It sounds like a difficult transition. It is hard to imagine some of these conversations because I have always seen films that are in color. They do not really seem distracting to me.

Tuesday, March 8, 2016

Burke Assignment for 3/9

Instead of live class, you will do this. It counts as a quiz grade. Finish this diagram from Stoic Rome to Emergent Collectivism using the Burke readings. Add detail to my beginning as needed (I wasn't finished). You can copy ideas from each other as you build your diagram, but each person must have a unique contribution to score well.

Add a new blog post where you post an image of your diagram.

Monday, March 7, 2016

Topics for the Burke Analysis

You are analyzing a historical transition of some kind, the way Burke does in Part II of his book. Your task is to find at least one text before the transition and one after and compare them using Burkean tools. More texts than that or texts from during the transition are fine, but those are extra and not required. Start with the text after the transition. Your analysis will show you some key ideas that will help you select a text from before.

As with before, comment (not a new post, Wilson!) here to select.

  1. Revolutionary Era distrust of direct democracy -- Andrew Jackson's "People's President" shift (You can't take this one! Changed my mind!)
  2. Keynesian economics (JFK) -- supply-side economics (Reagan)
  3. Mainline Christianity -- First Great Awakening
  4. Mainline Christianity -- tent revivialism
  5. "Know Nothing" Isolationism -- Marshall Plan
  6. Democratic Republicanism (Jefferson) -- Federalism (Hamilton) 
  7. French revolution -- Reign of Terror
  8. Monroe Doctrine noninterventionism in South America -- 20th century US interventionism
  9. Pre-Code comic books -- Post-Code comic books
  10. Pre-2008 GOP -- Tea Party
  11. JFK/LBJ pro-Vietnam Democrats -- McGovern
  12. Hand-drawn animation -- 3D animated features (Pixar, etc.)
  13. Penny and pinball arcades -- video game arcades
  14. black and white films -- color films
  15. 2-D video games -- FPS games (Wolfenstein 3-D)
  16. network TV -- cable TV
  17. toys pre-Star Wars -- toys post-Star Wars
  18. Missouri Compromise era -- Civil War
  19. ragtime -- jazz
  20. literary structuralist critique -- post-structuralism
  21. Democratic South -- legacy of Nixon's "Southern Strategy"
  22. German expressionistic film -- American horror of the 30s and/or film noir of the 40s